Traditional teaching approaches are often didactic, teacher-directed and involve knowledge transmission from teacher to students. Although the students seem to be able to recite a lot of information, their sense of ownership over learning is under-developed, and their problem-solving skills are not exercised, as creativity and self-initiated learning are not encouraged.
All children like games; they like to have fun and tackle challenges. By igniting children’s interest, self-initiated exploration and learning will occur. Therefore, for two to three year olds, games are their best learning tools. Through structured, semi-structured and unstructured play, children construct knowledge through sensorial exploration of their environment. For four to six year olds, children experiment with different ideas under the teacher’s guidance and encouragement. As learning should be child-centered, children will gain knowledge through exploring independently and with their peers, as they present their findings to others. From noticing a problem, working through it, to integrating what they have learned, children and teachers interact closely together to construct knowledge. Through an interactive mode of learning, children's initiative and motivation, social skills, problem solving ability and creativity will be greatly enhanced.